Всеобщий (язык)

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Common text (Latin letters)
Common text (alternate letters)
"Trol'Kalar", Common text ("Elder Futhark" runic letters)

Всеобщий - язык, на котором говорит Альянс. Он понятен всем его членам.[1] Аналогично ему, в Орде распространен Орочий.

Почти все разумные расы говорят на Всеобщем языке, так что он не является "человеческим". Он является универсальным языком для многих рас Азерота и Дренора.[2] Большинство, если не все, знают его хоть немного и говорят на различных диалектах. Кобольды и огры говорят на Нижнем Всеобщем, отрекшиеся - на Наречии Нежити, а такие морские расы, как мурлоки - на Нерглийском.

Истоки этого языка неизвестны. То, что он знаком многим расам, может говорить как о тесной интеркоммуникации, так и о вмешательстве извне на ранних стадиях существования Азерота. Возможно, общий берёт начало от некоего «древнего языка», который неоднократно упоминается в научных трудах(в частности, в работах Бранна Бронзеборода). Сам по себе общий, скорее всего, не является языком людей как таковым — судя по историям, книгам и различным событиям как ранних, так и поздних войн, он известен практически всем разумным расам. Вероятно, люди ассимилировали этот язык в качестве своего языка общения. Большинство (если не все) рас, как минимум, имеют хоть какое-то представление о общем и обычно используют либо сам язык, либо его многочисленные диалекты.[3][4]

Alphabets

There are four different alphabets used to write Common language: Latin, Elder Futhark runic alphabet, Faux Cyrillic (in a loading screen in Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness), and an unknown original alphabet, see images for examples.

Common primer (official translations)

Common text in Warcraft 2 (Cyrillic letters).

Here are a few common Common phrases and words, for which the translations have been officially confirmed by Blizzard Entertainment or have actual real world translations:

  • Azeroth = Word derived from the name of the ancient human ancestors; Azotha.[5]
  • Caer = means castle, fort/fortress, or citadel from the Welsh word Caer (used in many Welsh places).
  • Daer = "People"[6]. (Has English roots.)
  • Deo Gratias = "Thanks [be] to God", from a hymn sung in the church in Warcraft II. (Latin roots)
  • Dwarf = "Diminutive"[7]
  • Esarus thar no'Darador = "By blood and honor we serve."[8](Valley of Heroes)
  • Half- (or Half) = A prefix that denotes the mixed ancestry regardless of percentage of ancestry the individual has, see also Half-breed.
  • Half-ogre = A race that is born of mixed ogre and orc blood.[3], or in some cases, mixed human and ogre blood, see Half-human half-ogre.
  • Lordaeron = Name humans gave to northern human kingdom, derived from the Dwarven word "lorn" ("land"), the Common word "daer" ("people"), and the Thalassian word "ronae" ("peaceful").[6]
  • Rain Dance = The term in Common for a festival held in Darkshore (the elves have a different name for it).[9]
  • Thrall = "Slave"[10][11][12]
  • Trol'kalar = "Troll slayer" in the ancient tongue, the ancient dialect of Common used in the Arathorian Empire based in Strom.[4][13]
  • O Laras, soranok agar'nethal no shalas ve'ran ardor. = "O Light, bless your son on this joyous day." Part of a song that was performed during the Lordaeron king's coronation ceremony.[14]

Human names

Human parents grant a child its given name at birth, while its family name has a long history and usually speaks something of its bearer’s ancestry. Some humans change their family names to emphasize their own accomplishments.

  • Male Names: Merander, Gyram, Darrick, Hebry.
  • Female Names: Lilla, Merian, Richelle, Ammi.
  • Family Names: Renn, Townguard, Silversmith, Runetouch.[15]

Untranslated words or phrases

Language implementation in World of Warcraft

As mentioned above, in literature and earlier games almost all intelligent races speak Common. The pre-release World of Warcraft used to actually abide by this, but many players in the game's beta phase showed a lack of maturity in communication during battles. This caused Common to be the primary Alliance language and Orcish to be the primary Horde language. The Forsaken were given Common as a secondary language, but again, players showed a lack of maturity and this was taken away.

Common words (speculation)

Знак вопроса - средний.png

This is the list of words created by the in-game language parser for the Common language, and is listed as language number seven (word range 423-546) in the Language text file.

In the in-game translator, the language parser for Common shares similar words with Gutterspeak and Gnomish. The parser is used to mask both npc and players that speak "Common" when encountered by the Horde.

Note: The language algorithm used by the in-game "translator" merely makes the words look like Common. It does not actually use a specific dictionary. Therefore, translated in-game speech isn't true Common.

Number of letters in word Word List
One-letter words A, E, I, O, U, Y
Two-letter words An, Ko, Lo, Lu, Me, Ne, Re, Ru, Se, Ti, Va, Ve
Three-letter words Ash, Bor, Bur, Far, Gol, Hir, Lon, Mod, Nud, Ras, Ver, Vil, Vos
Four-letter words Ador, Agol, Dana, Goth, Lars, Noth, Nuff, Odes, Ruff, Thor, Uden, Veld, Vohl, Vrum
Five-letter words Algos, Barad, Borne, Melka, Ergin, Eynes, Garde, Gloin, Majis, Nagan, Novas, Regen, Tiras, Wirsh
Six-letter words Aesire, Aziris, Daegil, Danieb, Ealdor, Engoth, Goibon, Mandos, Nevren, Rogesh, Rothas, Ruftos, Skilde, Valesh, Vandar, Waldir
Seven-letter words Andovis, Ewiddan, Faergas, Forthis, Kaelsig, Koshvel, Lithtos, Nandige, Nostyec, Novaedi, Sturume, Vassild
Eight-letter words Aldonoth, Cynegold, Endirvis, Hamerung, Landowar, Lordaere, Methrine, Ruftvess, Thorniss
Nine-letter words Aetwinter, Danagarde, Eloderung, Firalaine, Gloinador, Gothalgos, Regenthor, Udenmajis, Vandarwos, Veldbarad
Ten-letter words Aelgestron, Cynewalden, Danavandar, Dyrstigost, Falhedring, Vastrungen
Eleven-letter words Agolandovis, Bornevalesh, Dornevalesh, Farlandowar, Forthasador, Thorlithtos, Vassildador, Wershaesire
Twelve-letter words Golveldbarad, Mandosdaegil, Nevrenrothas, Waldirskilde

Word and phrase list (speculation)

  • "Goibon Uden Lo" = "Guards!" or "Guards help me!"
  • "Uden" = "Help!"
  • "Bur" = "lol" (When an Alliance player says "Lol" it will appear as "Bur" to Horde players. This is similar to how "Lol" in Orcish translates to "Kek" for Alliance players. When a horde talking in Orcish tells an Alliance player "bur", they get back "lok". Regardless, it has now been referenced as an official term.[16]
  • "Landowar" = "Alliance"
  • "Lordaeron" = "Peaceful land of the people" (rough translation)
  • "Or'Kalar" = Orc Killer, like Trol'kalar, the name shares the same word kalar, implying it is from the same ancient tongue used in the Arathorian Empire and Strom. As it is a ogre name it could be a form of Low Common.
  • "Or" = Orc
  • "Trol" = Troll
  • "Kalar" = Killer
  • "Deo Gracias" = Interestingly, the church building's sound in Warcraft II is "Deo Gracias", a poor transliteration of the Latin term "Deo Gratias" meaning "Thanks be to God", which is also the name for several different traditional cathedral hymns. The reason for using pseudo-Latin as a spoken language is not clear. It is possibly a use of stock sound effects, an easter egg for those who know of the hymn, or an attempt to include a foreign sounding language for the humans. Although Latin plays a partial role in the Warcraft universe, as seen in the RPG with "Spiritus Mundi" and with some names as part of languages such as Kalimag, Latin and other languages derived from it are used in the universe in a few other places such as: in Warcraft II with the church building's sound, in Warcraft III's Altar of Kings with "Amen", and in Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne with the order acknowledgment sounds of the troll batrider unit. Other languages derived from Latin are also used for terms like "En Fuego" (literally "On Fire" in Spanish, although the correct form would be "Sobre el Fuego" or "Prendido Fuego") , as well as El Pollo Grande.
  • "Caer Darrow" = Caer means "fort". Darrow may be derived from the word "daer" meaning "people. This would mean Caer Darrow may mean People's Fort or Fort of the People.[источник?]
  • "Spiritus Mundi" = Spirit of the world
  • "Thanagor" = King
  • "Mor" = May
  • "Ok" = His
  • "A'l" or "Na" = In

In other materials

Common is derived from the Dungeons and Dragons roleplaying game. In that game, the Common tongue is a lingua franca, or a universal language, spoken natively by humans and bilingually by other races. The concept is derived from Westron, the "common tongue" of Tolkien's Middle Earth, hence the name. It is the language of humans, halflings, half-elves, and half-orcs.[17] The Common tongue also has great hints of the Icelandic tongue.

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